INVESTOR RELATIONS

Press Release

Ladder Capital Corp Reports Third Quarter 2018 Results, Announces 4.6% Cash Dividend Increase and Declares Fourth Quarter 2018 Dividend to Holders of Class A Common Stock

Company Release - 11/1/2018 4:29 PM ET

Financial Highlights

GAAP disclosures for the third quarter:

  • GAAP income before taxes of $84.7 million and diluted EPS of $0.67
    • Up from $29.2 million and $0.28 in the third quarter of 2017
  • After-tax GAAP return on average equity of 20.0%
    • Up from 8.3% in the third quarter of 2017
  • GAAP book value per share of $13.82 at September 30, 2018
    • Up from $13.43 at June 30, 2018

Core (non-GAAP) disclosures for the third quarter:

  • Core earnings of $63.4 million and core EPS of $0.59
    • Up from core earnings of $35.7 million and core EPS of $0.35 in the third quarter of 2017
  • After-tax core return on average equity of 17.1%
    • Up from 10.3% in the third quarter of 2017
  • Undepreciated book value per share of $15.25 at September 30, 2018
    • Up from $14.97 at June 30, 2018

Operating and financing statistics for the third quarter:

  • Declared a fourth quarter dividend of $0.57/share of Class A common stock, including $0.34 in cash and $0.23 in shares of Class A common stock, subject to stockholder elections
    • The $0.34/share cash dividend reflects a 4.6% increase in the quarterly cash dividend rate, the sixth increase in four years, resulting in a $1.36/share annual cash dividend run rate
  • Declared a third quarter dividend of $0.325/share of Class A common stock paid on October 1, 2018
  • Originated a total of $676.7 million of commercial mortgage loans, including $326.4 million of mortgage loans held for investment and $350.3 million of mortgage loans held for sale
  • Received $113.4 million of net proceeds from sales of real estate resulting in a $63.7 million GAAP gain on sale
  • Contributed $102.0 million of loans to 1 securitization transaction

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Ladder Capital Corp (NYSE:LADR) (“we,” “Ladder,” or the “Company”) today announced operating results for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. GAAP income before taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $84.7 million and $200.5 million, respectively compared to $29.2 million and $85.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The favorable third quarter year over year earnings variance reflects higher gain on sale of real estate partially offset by lower realized gain (loss) on sale of securities and a higher provision for loan losses. The Diluted EPS for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $0.67 and $1.61, respectively, compared to $0.28 and $0.74 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. After-tax GAAP return on average equity was 20.0% in the third quarter of 2018.

Core earnings, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $63.4 million for the third quarter of 2018, compared to $35.7 million earned in the third quarter of 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, core earnings was $177.6 million compared to $118.4 million for the comparable period in 2017. The results of the three months ended September 30, 2018 surpassed the comparable period in the prior year primarily due to higher gains on sales of real estate partially offset by higher provision for loan losses. Core EPS, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $0.59 for the third quarter of 2018 and $1.59 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $0.35 and $1.08 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. We believe core earnings and core EPS are useful in evaluating our earnings from operations across reporting periods as discussed in the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this earnings release.

In the third quarter of 2018, we sold 8 condo units and a portfolio of 4 single tenant commercial office properties located in St. Paul, MN for total net proceeds of $113.4 million. We acquired the office portfolio in September 2014 with a joint venture partner for an initial cash investment of $69.5 million and increased value through strategic capital improvements and lease extensions, selling the portfolio for a gross sale price of $113.5 million in September 2018. The sales of real estate during the quarter resulted in a GAAP gain of $63.7 million, although the core earnings impact of the sales was partially offset by accumulated depreciation and amortization, the portion of gain attributable to non-controlling interests in the joint ventures, and other transaction related expenses.

Dividend Announcement

Ladder today announced the declaration by its Board of Directors (“Board”) of a fourth quarter 2018 dividend of $0.57 per share of Class A common stock.

This declaration reflects a 4.6% increase in Ladder’s recurring quarterly cash dividend, effective in the current quarter, to $0.34 per share from $0.325 per share.

The fourth quarter dividend also includes an additional year-end distribution attributable to our 2018 REIT taxable income of approximately $0.23 per share of Class A common stock. As discussed below, the full fourth quarter dividend of $0.57 per share will be paid in a combination of cash and stock on January 24, 2019 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on December 10, 2018.

Stockholders may elect to receive the fourth quarter 2018 dividend in all cash, or all shares of Ladder’s Class A common stock. Election forms and materials will be mailed to registered shareholders promptly after December 10, 2018, and will be due by January 10, 2019. Stockholders who do not return an election form, or who otherwise fail to properly complete an election form, will be deemed to have elected to receive all shares of Ladder’s Class A common stock.

In no event will any stockholder electing to receive all cash receive less than $0.34 per share of such stockholder’s dividend in cash. The Board currently intends to continue paying a regular cash dividend of at least $0.34 per share in subsequent quarters, subject to business and market conditions and future Board approvals.

The total amount of cash payable to all stockholders will be equal to $0.34 multiplied by the total outstanding shares of Class A common stock as of December 10, 2018 (the “Cash Amount”). If the aggregate amount of cash to be distributed to stockholders electing to receive the dividend in all cash exceeds the Cash Amount, then the Cash Amount will be prorated among such stockholders, and the remaining portion of the fourth quarter 2018 dividend will be paid to such stockholders in shares of Ladder’s Class A common stock plus cash in lieu of any fractional shares.

The total number of shares of Class A common stock to be distributed pursuant to the fourth quarter 2018 dividend will be determined based on stockholder elections and the volume weighted average price per share of Class A common stock on the New York Stock Exchange for the three trading days after the date that election forms are due. Shares of Class A common stock distributed as part of Ladder’s fourth quarter 2018 dividend shall accrue dividend and other benefits together with all other shares of Ladder’s Class A common stock.

Portfolio Overview

The following table summarizes the book value of our investment portfolio as of the dates indicated below ($ in thousands):

  September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
Loans    
Balance sheet loans:
Balance sheet first mortgage loans $ 3,647,710 56.8 % $ 3,123,268 51.9 %
Other commercial real estate-related loans 157,677 2.5 % 159,194 2.6 %
Provision for loan losses (17,600 ) (0.3 )% (4,000 ) (0.1 )%
Total balance sheet loans 3,787,787 59.0 % 3,278,462 54.4 %
Conduit first mortgage loans 375,162   5.8 % 230,180   3.8 %
Total loans 4,162,949 64.8 % 3,508,642 58.2 %
Securities
CMBS investments 940,379 14.6 % 1,066,570 17.7 %
U.S. Agency Securities investments 36,682 0.6 % 39,947 0.7 %
Corporate bonds 1,228   %   %
Total securities 978,289 15.2 % 1,106,517 18.4 %
Real Estate
Real estate and related lease intangibles, net 1,000,010   15.6 % 1,032,041   17.1 %
Total real estate 1,000,010 15.6 % 1,032,041 17.1 %
Other Investments
Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures 36,100 0.6 % 35,441 0.6 %
FHLB stock 57,915   0.9 % 77,915   1.3 %
Total other investments 94,015   1.5 % 113,356   1.9 %
Total investments 6,235,263 97.1 % 5,760,556 95.6 %
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 84,913 1.3 % 182,683 3.0 %
Other assets 105,569   1.6 % 82,376   1.4 %
Total assets $ 6,425,745   100.0 % $ 6,025,615   100.0 %

Note: CMBS investments and U.S. Agency Securities are carried at fair value.

During the three months ended September 30, 2018, as part of our regular evaluation of the value of the underlying collateral of our loans, management identified one loan as potentially impaired. Based on our review, we recorded a $10.0 million specific loan loss provision related to this loan.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

On July 20, 2018, we executed an amendment of one of our committed loan repurchase facilities to extend the term of the facility to 3 years from the date of the amendment and to add a 1-year extension term during which new advances are not permitted.

On September 14, 2018 and September 28, 2018 we amended our revolving credit facility to add two 1-year extension options to extend the final maturity date to February 2023, reduce the drawn cost of funds by 0.25%, add an additional member in the lenders’ syndicate, and increase the aggregate maximum borrowings under the agreement by $25.0 million to $266.4 million.

The following table summarizes our debt obligations as of the following dates ($ in thousands):

  September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
 
Committed loan repurchase facilities $ 751,971 $ 398,653
Committed securities repurchase facility 97,921
Uncommitted securities repurchase facilities 123,725 74,757
Total repurchase facilities 973,617 473,410
Revolving credit facility
Mortgage loan financing(1) 743,225 692,696
CLO debt(2) 672,001 688,479
Participation financing - mortgage loan receivable 2,516 3,107
Borrowings from the FHLB 1,212,000 1,370,000
Senior unsecured notes(3) 1,154,274 1,152,134
Total debt obligations $ 4,757,633 $ 4,379,826
(1)   Presented net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $1.0 million as of September 30, 2018.
(2) Presented net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $3.5 million and $6.0 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
(3) Presented net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $11.9 million and $14.1 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
 

Conference Call and Webcast

We will host a conference call on Thursday, November 1, 2018 at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time to discuss third quarter 2018 results. The conference call can be accessed by dialing (877) 407-4018 domestic or (201) 689-8471 international. Individuals who dial in will be asked to identify themselves and their affiliations. For those unable to participate, an audio replay will be available from 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Thursday, November 1, 2018 through midnight Thursday, November 15, 2018. To access the replay, please call (844) 512-2921 domestic or (412) 317-6671 international, access code 13683758. The conference call will also be webcast though a link on Ladder Capital Corp’s Investor Relations website at ir.laddercapital.com/event. A web-based archive of the conference call will also be available at the above website.

 
Ladder Capital Corp
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share and Dividend Data)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Net interest income
Interest income $ 90,386 $ 66,833 $ 253,822 $ 190,315
Interest expense 51,476   37,485   144,606   104,561  
Net interest income 38,910 29,348 109,216 85,754
Provision for loan losses 10,300     13,600    
Net interest income after provision for loan losses 28,610 29,348 95,616 85,754
 
Other income
Operating lease income 22,739 22,924 71,556 64,741
Tenant recoveries 2,258 2,382 7,750 5,121
Sale of loans, net 1,861 (775 ) 12,893 24,129
Realized gain (loss) on securities (2,554 ) 6,688 (4,896 ) 19,182
Unrealized gain (loss) on Agency interest-only securities 142 577 456 1,034
Realized gain on sale of real estate, net

63,704

3,228

96,341

7,790
Fee and other income 4,851 4,338 17,579 13,378
Net result from derivative transactions 7,115 (348 ) 29,156 (18,352 )
Earnings (loss) from investment in unconsolidated joint ventures 401 127 466 64

Gain (loss) on extinguishment/defeasance of debt

(4,323

)  

(4,392

) (54 )
Total other income

96,194

  39,141  

226,909

  117,033  
Costs and expenses
Salaries and employee benefits 15,792 13,255 46,754 43,786
Operating expenses 5,464 4,790 16,608 16,098
Real estate operating expenses 7,152 9,351 23,806 24,861
Fee expense 1,311 1,242 2,953 3,556
Depreciation and amortization 10,417   10,606   31,896   29,323  
Total costs and expenses 40,136   39,244   122,017   117,624  
Income (loss) before taxes

84,668

29,245

200,508

85,163
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,204   (576 ) 5,679   4,654  
Net income (loss)

83,464

29,821

194,829

80,509
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures (7,843 ) 265 (16,132 ) (133 )
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in operating partnership

(8,991

) (6,499 )

(22,786

) (21,205 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Class A common shareholders $

66,630

  $ 23,587   $

155,911

  $ 59,171  
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
Basic $

0.69

$ 0.28 $

1.62

$ 0.75
Diluted $

0.67

$ 0.28 $

1.61

$ 0.74
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 96,935,986 85,135,685 96,317,513 79,416,957
Diluted(1) 110,650,253 85,476,266 110,482,991 109,857,679
 
Dividends per share of Class A common stock: $ 0.325 $ 0.300 $

0.965

$ 0.900
(1)   For the three months ended September 30, 2017, shares issuable relating to converted Class B common shareholders are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS as the inclusion of such potential common shares in the calculation would be anti-dilutive.
 
 
Ladder Capital Corp
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
 

September 30, 2018(1)

  December 31, 2017(1)
(Unaudited)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 49,625 $ 76,674
Restricted cash 35,288 106,009
Mortgage loan receivables held for investment, net, at amortized cost:
Mortgage loans held by consolidated subsidiaries 3,805,387 3,282,462
Provision for loan losses (17,600 ) (4,000 )
Mortgage loan receivables held for sale 375,162 230,180
Real estate securities 978,289 1,106,517
Real estate and related lease intangibles, net 1,000,010 1,032,041
Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures 36,100 35,441
FHLB stock 57,915 77,915
Derivative instruments 57 888
Accrued interest receivable 27,844 25,875
Other assets 77,668   55,613  
Total assets $ 6,425,745   $ 6,025,615  
Liabilities and Equity
Liabilities
Debt obligations, net:
Secured and unsecured debt obligations $ 4,757,633 $ 4,379,826
Due to brokers 14
Derivative instruments 280 2,606
Amount payable pursuant to tax receivable agreement 1,570 1,656
Dividends payable 1,964 30,528
Accrued expenses 57,079 59,619
Other liabilities 53,576   63,220  
Total liabilities 4,872,102   4,537,469  
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 600,000,000 shares authorized; 100,842,335 and 96,258,847 shares issued and 98,142,513 and 93,641,260 shares outstanding 99 94
Class B common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 13,117,419 and 17,667,251 shares issued and outstanding 13 18
Additional paid-in capital 1,375,016 1,306,136
Treasury stock, 2,699,822 and 2,617,587 shares, at cost (32,793 ) (31,956 )
Retained earnings (dividends in excess of earnings)

22,593

(39,112

)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (8,582 ) (212 )
Total shareholders’ equity

1,356,346

1,234,968
Noncontrolling interest in operating partnership

187,469

240,861
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures

9,828

  12,317  
Total equity 1,553,643   1,488,146  
 
Total liabilities and equity $ 6,425,745   $ 6,025,615  

________________________________

(1)   Includes amounts relating to consolidated variable interest entities.
 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We present core earnings, core EPS, and after-tax core return on average equity (“after-tax core ROAE”), which are non-GAAP financial measures, as supplemental measures of our performance. We believe core earnings, core EPS and after-tax core ROAE assist investors in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a more relevant and consistent basis by excluding certain non-cash expenses and unrecognized results as well as eliminating timing differences related to securitization gains and changes in the values of assets and derivatives. In addition, we use core earnings, core EPS and after-tax core ROAE: (i) to evaluate our earnings from operations and (ii) because management believes that they may be useful performance measures for us. Core earnings is also used as a factor in determining the annual incentive compensation of our senior managers and other employees.

We consider the Class A common shareholders of the Company and limited partners of Ladder Capital Finance Holdings LLLP other than Ladder Capital Corp (“Continuing LCFH Limited Partners”) to have fundamentally equivalent interests in our pre-tax earnings and net income. Accordingly, for purposes of computing core earnings, core EPS and after-tax core ROAE, we start with pre-tax earnings or net income and adjust for other noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures but we do not adjust for amounts attributable to noncontrolling interest held by Continuing LCFH Limited Partners. Similarly, when calculating undepreciated book value per share we include total shareholders’ equity and the noncontrolling interest held by Continuing LCFH Limited Partners, but exclude noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures.

Core earnings

We define core earnings as income before taxes adjusted for (i) real estate depreciation and amortization, (ii) the impact of derivative gains and losses related to the hedging of assets on our balance sheet as of the end of the specified accounting period, (iii) unrealized gains/(losses) related to our investments in Agency interest-only securities and passive interest in unconsolidated joint ventures, (iv) economic gains on securitization transactions not recognized under GAAP accounting for which risk has substantially transferred during the period and the exclusion of resultant GAAP recognition of the related economics during the subsequent periods, (v) non-cash stock-based compensation and (vi) certain one-time transactional items.

For core earnings, we include adjustments for economic gains on securitization transactions not recognized under GAAP accounting for which risk has substantially transferred during the period and exclusion of resultant GAAP recognition of the related economics during the subsequent periods. This adjustment is reflected in core earnings when there is a true risk transfer on the mortgage loan transfer and settlement. Historically, this has represented the impact of economic gains on (discounts) on intercompany loans secured by our own real estate which we had not previously recognized because such gains were eliminated in consolidation. Conversely, if the economic risk was not substantially transferred, no adjustments to net income would be made relating to those transactions for core earnings purposes. Management believes recognizing these amounts for core earnings purposes in the period of transfer of economic risk is a reasonable supplemental measure of our performance.

We do not designate derivatives as hedges to qualify for hedge accounting and therefore any net payments under, or fluctuations in the fair value of, our derivatives are recognized currently in our income statement. However, fluctuations in the fair value of the related assets are not included in our income statement. We consider the gain or loss on our hedging positions related to assets that we still own as of the reporting date to be “open hedging positions.” While recognized for GAAP purposes, we exclude the results on the hedges from core earnings until the related asset is sold and the hedge position is considered “closed,” whereupon they would then be included in core earnings in that period. These are reflected as “adjustments for unrecognized derivative results” for purposes of computing core earnings for the period. We believe that excluding these specifically identified gains and losses associated with the open hedging positions adjusts for timing differences between when we recognize changes in the fair values of our assets and changes in the fair value of the derivatives used to hedge such assets.

Our investments in Agency interest-only securities are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in current period earnings. We believe that excluding these specifically identified gains and losses associated with the Agency interest-only securities adjusts for timing differences between when we recognize changes in the fair values of our assets. Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of net income to after-tax core earnings ($ in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Net income (loss) $

83,464

$ 29,821 $

194,829

$ 80,509
Income tax expense (benefit) 1,204   (576 ) 5,679   4,654  
Income (loss) before taxes

84,668

29,245

200,508

 

85,163
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures and operating partnership (GAAP) (1) (7,851 ) 257 (16,155 ) (157 )
Our share of real estate depreciation, amortization and gain adjustments (2) (12,435 ) 9,221 2,398 26,519
Adjustments for unrecognized derivative results (3) (3,614 ) (4,298 ) (16,320 ) (6,489 )
Unrealized (gain) loss on Agency IO securities (142 ) (577 ) (456 ) (1,034 )
Adjustment for economic gain on securitization transactions not recognized under GAAP for which risk has been substantially transferred, net of reversal/amortization 7 (324 ) (530 ) 2,968
Non-cash stock-based compensation 2,763   2,127   8,186   11,422  
Core earnings

63,396

35,651

177,631

118,392
Core estimated corporate tax benefit (expense) (4)

1,672

  2,426  

(2,425

) (251 )
After-tax core earnings $

65,068

  $ 38,077   $

175,206

  $ 118,141  
(1)   Includes $8 thousand and $8 thousand of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures which are included in net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in operating partnership on the consolidated statements of income for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Includes $23 thousand and $24 thousand of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures which are included in net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in operating partnership on the consolidated statements of income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
 
(2) The following is a reconciliation of GAAP depreciation and amortization to our share of real estate depreciation, amortization and gain adjustments presented in the computation of core earnings in the preceding table ($ in thousands):
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Total GAAP depreciation and amortization $ 10,417 $ 10,606 $ 31,896 $ 29,323
Less: Depreciation and amortization related to non-rental property fixed assets (18 ) (23 ) (56 ) (70 )
Less: Non-controlling interest in consolidated joint ventures’ share of accumulated depreciation and amortization and unrecognized passive interest in unconsolidated joint ventures (1,076 ) (328 ) (2,447 ) (824 )
Our share of real estate depreciation and amortization 9,323 10,255 29,393 28,429
 
Realized gain from accumulated depreciation and amortization on real estate sold (see below) (22,066 ) (577 ) (27,553 ) (1,459 )
Less: Non-controlling interest in consolidated joint ventures’ share of accumulated depreciation and amortization on real estate sold 653   5   1,844   12  
Our share of accumulated depreciation and amortization on real estate sold (21,413 ) (572 ) (25,709 ) (1,447 )
 
Less: Operating lease income on above/below market lease intangible amortization (345 ) (462 ) (1,286 ) (463 )
       
Our share of real estate depreciation, amortization and gain adjustments $ (12,435 ) $ 9,221   $ 2,398   $ 26,519  
 

GAAP gains/losses on sales of real estate include the effects of previously recognized real estate depreciation and amortization. For purposes of core earnings, our share of real estate depreciation and amortization is eliminated and, accordingly, the resultant gain/losses also must be adjusted. Following is a reconciliation of the related consolidated GAAP amounts to the amounts reflected in core earnings:

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
GAAP realized gain on sale of real estate, net $

63,704

$ 3,228 $

96,341

$ 7,790
Adjusted gain/loss on sale of real estate for purposes of core earnings

(42,291

) (2,656 )

(70,632

) (6,343 )
Our share of accumulated depreciation and amortization on real estate sold $

21,413

  $ 572   $ 25,709   $ 1,447  
 
(3)   The following is a reconciliation of GAAP net results from derivative transactions to our unrecognized derivative result presented in the computation of core earnings in the preceding table ($ in thousands):
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Net results from derivative transactions $ 7,115 $ (348 ) $ 29,156 $ (18,352 )
Hedging interest expense 1,365 3,449 5,789 12,573
Hedging realized result (4,866 ) 1,197   (18,625 ) 12,268  
Adjustments for unrecognized derivative results $ 3,614   $ 4,298   $ 16,320   $ 6,489  
(4)   Core estimated corporate tax benefit (expense) based on effective tax rate applied to core earnings generated by the activity within our taxable REIT subsidiary.
 

Core EPS

Core EPS is defined as after-tax core earnings divided by the adjusted weighted average diluted shares outstanding during the period. The adjusted weighted average diluted shares outstanding is defined as the GAAP weighted average diluted shares outstanding, adjusted for shares issuable upon conversion of all Class B shares, if excluded from the GAAP measure because they would have an anti-dilutive effect. The inclusion of shares issuable upon conversion of Class B shares is consistent with the inclusion of income attributable to noncontrolling interest in operating partnership in core earnings and after-tax core earnings.

Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of weighted average diluted shares outstanding to adjusted weighted average diluted shares outstanding (in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding 110,650 85,476 110,483 109,858
Weighted average shares issuable to converted Class B shareholders 24,698
Adjusted weighted average diluted shares outstanding 110,650 110,174 110,483 109,858
 

Set forth below is an unaudited computation of core EPS ($ in thousands, except per share data):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
After-tax core earnings $

65,068

$ 38,077 $

175,206

$ 118,141
Adjusted weighted average diluted shares outstanding 110,650 110,174 110,483 109,858
Core EPS $

0.59

$ 0.35 $

1.59

$ 1.08
 

After-tax core ROAE

After-tax core ROAE is presented on an annualized basis and is defined as after-tax core earnings divided by the average total shareholders’ equity and noncontrolling interest in operating partnership during the period. The inclusion of noncontrolling interest in operating partnership is consistent with the inclusion of income attributable to noncontrolling interest in operating partnership in after-tax core earnings. Set forth below is an unaudited computation of after-tax core ROAE ($ in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
After-tax core earnings $

65,068

$ 38,077 $

175,206

$ 118,141
Average shareholders’ equity and NCI in operating partnership

1,522,212

  1,472,038  

1,501,357

  1,479,149  
After-tax core ROAE

17.1

% 10.3 %

15.6

% 10.6 %
 

Income from sales of securitized loans, net of hedging

We present income from sales of securitized loans, net of hedging, a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of the performance of our loan securitization business. Since our loans sold into securitizations to date are comprised of long-term fixed-rate loans, the result of hedging those exposures prior to securitization represents a substantial portion of our securitization profitability. Therefore, we view these two components of our profitability together when assessing the performance of this business activity and find it a meaningful measure of our performance as a whole. When evaluating the performance of our sale of loans into securitization business, we generally consider the income from sales of securitized loans, net, in conjunction with other income statement items that are directly related to such securitization transactions, including portions of the realized net result from derivative transactions that are specifically related to hedges on the securitized or sold loans, which we reflect as hedge gain/(loss) related to loans securitized, a non-GAAP financial measure, in the table below.

Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of income from sale of securitized loans, net to income from sale of loans, net as reported in our consolidated financial statements and an unaudited reconciliation of hedge gain/(loss) relating to loans securitized to net results from derivative transactions as reported in our consolidated financial statements ($ in thousands except for number of loans and securitizations):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Number of loans 13 80 57
Face amount of loans sold into securitizations $ 101,978 $     $ 939,314 $ 625,653
Number of securitizations 1 6 1
 
Income from sales of securitized loans, net (1) $ 1,861 $ $ 13,356 $ 26,063
Hedge gain/(loss) related to loans securitized (2) 453 9,329 (9,068 )
Income from sales of securitized loans, net of hedging 2,314 22,685 16,995
Adjustment for economic gain on securitization transactions not recognized under GAAP for which risk has been substantially transferred 265 232 3,746  
Core gain on sale of securitized loans $ 2,579 $     $ 22,917 $ 20,741  

________________________________

(1)   The following is a reconciliation of income (loss) from sale of loans, net, which is the closest GAAP measure, as reported in our consolidated financial statements included herein to the non-GAAP financial measure of income from sales of securitized loans, net ($ in thousands):
 
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Income from sales of loans, net $ 1,861 $ (775 ) $ 12,893 $ 24,129
Realized losses on loans related to lower of cost or market adjustments 411 463 1,779
(Income) loss from sale of loans (non-securitized), net 364   155
Income from sales of securitized loans, net $ 1,861 $   $ 13,356 $ 26,063
 
(2)   The following is a reconciliation of net results from derivative transactions, which is the closest GAAP measure, as reported in our consolidated financial statements included herein to the non-GAAP financial measure of hedge gain/(loss) related to loans securitized ($ in thousands):
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Net results from derivative transactions $ 7,115 $ (348 ) $ 29,156 $ (18,352 )
Hedge gain/(loss) related to lending and securities positions (6,662 ) 661 (19,827 ) 10,746
Hedge gain/(loss) related to loans (non-securitized)   (313 )   (1,462 )
Hedge gain/(loss) related to loans securitized $ 453   $   $ 9,329   $ (9,068 )
 

Undepreciated book value per share

We present undepreciated book value per share, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of our financial condition. We believe undepreciated book value per share assists investors in comparing our financial condition across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding accumulated depreciation on real estate, which implicitly assumes that the value of our real estate diminishes in value predictably over time, whereas real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions.

We consider the Class A common shareholders of the Company and Continuing LCFH Limited Partners to have fundamentally equivalent interests in our pre-tax earnings and net income. Accordingly, when calculating undepreciated book value per share we include total shareholders’ equity and the noncontrolling interest held by Continuing LCFH Limited Partners but exclude noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures.

We define undepreciated book value per share as the sum of total shareholders’ equity, noncontrolling interest in operating partnership, and our share of accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization, divided by the total Class A and Class B shares outstanding. Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of total shareholders’ equity to undepreciated book value, and an unaudited computation of undepreciated book value per share ($ in thousands except per share data):

  September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
 
Total shareholders’ equity $

1,356,346

$ 1,234,968
Noncontrolling interest in operating partnership

187,469

240,861
Our share of accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization(1) 153,144 149,494
Undepreciated book value

1,696,959

1,625,323
 
Class A shares outstanding 98,143 93,641
Class B shares outstanding 13,117 17,667
Total shares outstanding 111,260 111,308
 
GAAP book value per share (Class A only) $

13.82

$ 13.19
Undepreciated book value per share $

15.25

$ 14.60
 
(1)   The following is a reconciliation of GAAP accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization to our share of accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization presented in the computation of undepreciated book value per share in the preceding table ($ in thousands):
  September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
 
GAAP accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization $ 164,197 $ 161,063
Less: Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures’ share of accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization (11,053 ) (11,569 )
Our share of accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization $ 153,144   $ 149,494  
 

Core gain on sale of loans

We present core gain on sale of loans, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of our performance. We define core gain on sale of loans as income from sales of loans, and the economic gains on the transfer of loans not considered sold for accounting purposes, net of the realized hedging result related to the hedging of loans sold or transferred. We believe core gain on sale of loans assists investors in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by eliminating timing differences related to changes in values of assets and derivatives.

Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of GAAP sale of loans, net to core gain on sale of loans ($ in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
GAAP sale of loans, net $ 1,861 $ (775 ) $ 12,893 $ 24,129
Adjustment for economic gain on securitization transactions not recognized under GAAP for which risk has been substantially transferred(1) 265 232 3,746
Hedging gain/(loss) related to loans securitized and other loan activity 453 724   9,792   (5,828 )
Core gain on sale of loans $ 2,579 $ (51 ) $ 22,917   $ 22,047  
(1)   For core gain on sale of loans, we include adjustments for economic gains on securitization transactions not recognized for GAAP accounting. Management believes recognizing these amounts for core purposes in the period of economic transfer of risk is a reasonable supplemental measure of our performance.
 

Core gain on sale of securities

We present core gain on sale of securities, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of our performance. We define core gain on sale of loans as income from sales of securities net of the realized hedging result related to the hedging of securities sold. We believe core gain on sale of securities assists investors in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by eliminating timing differences related to changes in values of assets and derivatives.

Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of GAAP realized gain (loss) on securities to core gain on sale of securities ($ in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
GAAP realized gain (loss) on securities $ (2,554 ) $ 6,688 $ (4,896 ) $ 19,182
Plus: Other than temporary impairment, net of hedging 397 186 547 559
Hedging realized result - security sales 4,413   (1,922 ) 8,833   (6,441 )
Core gain (loss) on sales of securities $ 2,256   $ 4,952   $ 4,484   $ 13,300  
 

Net rental income

We present net rental income, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of our performance. We define net rental income as the total of operating lease income and tenant recoveries, less real estate operating expenses, all of which are disclosed on our consolidated statements of income. We present net rental income as a measure of the recurring income from our real estate investments before non-recurring items such as gains on sale or fee income, which we believe assists investors in analyzing our performance across reporting periods.

Set forth below is an unaudited reconciliation of operating lease income to net rental income ($ in thousands):

  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018   2017 2018   2017
 
Operating lease income $ 22,739 $ 22,924 $ 71,556 $ 64,741
Plus: Tenant recoveries 2,258 2,382 7,750 5,121
Less: Real estate operating expenses (7,152 ) (9,351 ) (23,806 ) (24,861 )
Net rental income $ 17,845   $ 15,955   $ 55,500   $ 45,001  
 

Adjusted leverage

We present adjusted leverage, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure of our performance. We define adjusted leverage as the ratio of (i) debt obligations, net of deferred financing costs, adjusted for non-recourse debt obligations related to securitizations that are consolidated on our GAAP balance sheet to (ii) GAAP total equity. We believe adjusted leverage assists investors in comparing our leverage across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding non-recourse debt related to securitized loans.

Set forth below is an unaudited computation of adjusted leverage ($ in thousands):

  September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
 
Debt obligations, net $ 4,757,633 $ 4,379,826
Less: CLO Debt(1) (672,001 ) (688,479 )
Adjusted debt obligations 4,085,632 3,691,347
 
Total equity 1,553,643 1,488,146
   
Adjusted leverage 2.6   2.5  
________________________________
(1)   We contributed over $888.4 million of balance sheet loans into two CLO securitizations that remain on our balance sheet for accounting purposes but should be excluded from debt obligations for adjusted leverage calculation purposes.
 

Non-GAAP Measures - Limitations

Our non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools. Some of these limitations are:

  • core earnings, core EPS and after-tax core ROAE do not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of our ongoing operations and are not necessarily indicative of cash necessary to fund cash needs;
  • core EPS and after-tax core ROAE are based on a non-GAAP estimate of our effective tax rate, including the impact of Unincorporated Business Tax and the impact of our election to be taxed as a REIT effective January 1, 2015, assuming the conversion of all shares of Class B common stock into shares of Class A common stock. Our actual tax rate may differ materially from this estimate;
  • undepreciated book value per share excludes accumulated real estate depreciation and amortization and may not reflect an accurate measure of the value of our real estate; and
  • other companies in our industry may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.

Because of these limitations, our non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income (loss) attributable to shareholders, earnings per share or book value per share, or any other performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered an alternative to cash flows from operations as a measure of our liquidity. Undepreciated book value per share should not be considered a measure of the value of our assets upon an orderly liquidation of the our company.

In the future, we may incur gains and losses that are the same as or similar to some of the adjustments in this presentation. Our presentation of non-GAAP financial measures should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items.

For additional information about our non-GAAP financial measures, please refer to the disclosures available on our website or in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-­Q.

About Ladder

Ladder is an internally-managed real estate investment trust that is a leader in commercial real estate finance. Ladder originates and invests in a diverse portfolio of commercial real estate and real estate-related assets, focusing on senior secured assets. Ladder’s investment activities include: (i) direct origination of commercial real estate first mortgage loans; (ii) investments in investment grade securities secured by first mortgage loans on commercial real estate; and (iii) investments in net leased and other commercial real estate equity. Founded in 2008, Ladder is run by a highly experienced management team with extensive expertise in all aspects of the commercial real estate industry, including origination, credit, underwriting, structuring, capital markets and asset management. Led by Brian Harris, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Ladder is headquartered in New York City with a West Coast office in Santa Monica.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this release may constitute “forward-looking” statements. These statements are based on management’s current opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results. These forward-looking statements are only predictions, not historical fact, and involve certain risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions. Actual results, levels of activity, performance, achievements and events could differ materially from those stated, anticipated or implied by such forward-looking statements. While Ladder believes that its assumptions are reasonable, it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible to anticipate all factors that could affect actual results. There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements made herein including, most prominently, the risks discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as well as its consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information appearing therein, and its other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Such forward-looking statements are made only as of the date of this release. Ladder expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in its expectations with regard thereto or changes in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

Investor Contact
Ladder Capital Corp Investor Relations
917-369-3207
investor.relations@laddercapital.com

Source: Ladder Capital Corp